Effect of an artificial cavity on the microlayer and contact line dynamics during bubble growth in nucleate boiling - École polytechnique Access content directly
Journal Articles Journal of Physics: Conference Series Year : 2024

Effect of an artificial cavity on the microlayer and contact line dynamics during bubble growth in nucleate boiling

Abstract

We present an experimental study on the near-wall phenomena during the growth of a single bubble in saturated pool boiling of water at atmospheric pressure. Our focus is on the dynamics of triple contact line and liquid microlayer that can form between the heater and the liquid-vapor interface of the bubble. The microlayer thickness, the wall temperature distribution and the bubble shape are measured simultaneously and synchronously at 4000 fps by white light interferometry, infrared thermography and sidewise shadowgraphy, respectively. To study the effect of cavities (artificial nucleation sites) we compare two experiments using different heaters. In the first experiment, the bubble grows on a smooth surface of nanometric roughness whereas in the second, the bubble grows over a cylindrical cavity of 25 µm diameter and 50 µm depth. We found that the cavity reduces three times the required wall superheating to trigger the bubble growth. Moreover, the radii of the bubble, microlayer and dry spot are smaller by half and the macroscale bubble dynamics is also slower. The microlayer is thinner and is measurable in a larger portion of its extent. Based on the absence of interference fringes near the contact line (due to high interface slopes) and on recent numerical simulations, we conclude that the microlayer consists in two regions: a dewetting ridge near the contact line that grows over time and a flatter and wider region that thins over time. The microlayer can be seen as a film deposited by the receding meniscus and its profile is controlled by the viscous and surface tension effects; its thinning over time is due to local evaporation only. The ridge is a result of liquid accumulation due to contact line receding and strong viscous shear in the film.
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cea-04637928 , version 1 (08-07-2024)

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Cassiano Tecchio, Iacopo Regoli, Benjamin Cariteau, Gilbert Zalczer, Pere Roca I Cabarrocas, et al.. Effect of an artificial cavity on the microlayer and contact line dynamics during bubble growth in nucleate boiling. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 2024, Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 2766, pp.012121. ⟨10.1088/1742-6596/2766/1/012121⟩. ⟨cea-04637928⟩
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