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Journal Articles Journal of Fluids and Structures Year : 2006

Frequency lock-in is caused by coupled-mode flutter


The mechanism underlying the lock-in of frequencies in flow-induced vibrations is analysed using elementary linear dynamics. Considering the case of lock-in in vortex-induced vibrations (VIV), we use a standard wake oscillator model, as in previous studies, but in its simplest form where all nonlinear terms and all dissipative terms are neglected. The stability of the resulting linear system is analysed, and a range of coupled-mode flutter is found. In this range, the frequency of the most unstable mode is found to deviate from the Strouhal law when the frequency of the wake oscillator approaches that of the free cylinder motion. Simultaneously the growth rate resulting from coupled-mode flutter increases, which would lead to higher vibration amplitudes. The extent of the range of lock-in is then compared with experimental data, showing a good agreement. It is therefore stated that the lock-in phenomenon, such as in VIV, is a particular case of linear coupled-mode flutter. © 2006 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Dates and versions

hal-01023359 , version 1 (16-07-2014)



Emmanuel de Langre. Frequency lock-in is caused by coupled-mode flutter. Journal of Fluids and Structures, 2006, 22 (41096), pp.783-791. ⟨10.1016/j.jfluidstructs.2006.04.008⟩. ⟨hal-01023359⟩
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