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Journal Articles Current Opinion in Structural Biology Year : 2022

How much can physics do for protein design?

Abstract

Physics and physical chemistry are an important thread in computational protein design, complementary to knowledge-based tools. They provide molecular mechanics scoring functions that need little or no ad hoc parameter readjustment, methods to thoroughly sample equilibrium ensembles, and different levels of approximation for conformational flexibility. They led recently to the successful redesign of a small protein using a physics-based folded state energy. Adaptive Monte Carlo or molecular dynamics schemes were discovered where protein variants are populated as per their ligand-binding free energy or catalytic efficiency. Molecular dynamics have been used for backbone flexibility. Implicit solvent models have been refined, polarizable force fields applied, and many physical insights obtained.
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hal-03663952 , version 1 (16-10-2023)

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Eleni Michael, Thomas Simonson. How much can physics do for protein design?. Current Opinion in Structural Biology, 2022, 72, pp.46-54. ⟨10.1016/j.sbi.2021.07.011⟩. ⟨hal-03663952⟩
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